Borneo is the third largest island in the world and the richest terrestrial ecosystem in the world. It is said that the Bornean rainforests are around 130 million years old, the oldest on the planet. By sequestrating carbon, they are acting as an important carbon sink and contribute to reducing the concentration of carbon in the atmosphere. The multiple researches show, that the rainforests in Borneo sink three times more of carbon dioxide than those in Amazon.
The environmental dangers are being posed by the excessive and often reckless palm oil cultivation and the ever-increasing deforestation are immense. According to the reports and scientific analysis, approximately 18.7 million hectares (an area twice the size of Portugal) of forest was cleared between 1973 and 2015, and up to 60 percent of the cleared land was rapidly converted to the palm oil plantations.
Taking as a starting point the role of rainforests as a carbon sink, contributing to reducing the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the project seeks to raise awareness and to contribute to the current debate around climate change and the capital-driven, exploitative economy.
The unique biodiversity of the island is being affected too, as many endemic birds, animals, plants, fungi and insects are under the threat and might be gone in less than a decade.
The photographs, taken in the distant pockets of the Sarawak and Sabah regions of Borneo in May 2017, are not showing the impact explicitly, but focussing on the habitat details and the ingenious population instead. The forests have significance for water security and food sovereignty for local communities of indigenous people. Not less important is the protection of there pagan belief systems which are deeply rooted in and connected to nature. Largely sustainable and communal ways of living maintained by the tribe people do act as a counterpoint to the destructive excesses of the many highly developed regions and countries.
The accumulating CO2 emissions, the changing climate coupled with deforestation and disappearance of species contribute to the irreversible damage to the planet at large.